Toyota Rav4 PHEV: the champion of electric autonomy – archyde

VERDICT CHRONO

If there is a race for autonomy also for plug-in hybrids, it is for the moment the Toyota Rav4 PHEV which leads the dance. Thanks to an 18.1 kWh battery, the Japanese family SUV boasts record range of action: 75 km on the WLTP combined cycle, 98 km on the urban cycle. In addition to this ability to run electric on a daily basis without counting the kilometers, this imposing accumulator also allows a generous cumulative power of 306 hp in hybrid mode, but at the same time generates a somewhat clumsy behavior due to the overweight it causes.

Read also Ford Kuga PHEV: better than an electric?

THE PROJECT

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Toyota Rav4 PHEV © Toyota

The Rav4 PHEV is mainly intended for companies, which will be able to benefit from the total exemption from TVS authorized by its CO emission.2 less than 50 g / km. To take advantage of the bonus of 2,000 euros reserved for plug-in hybrid models sold for less than 50,000 euros, it will be necessary to negotiate. Indeed, the first price of the Rav4 PHEV is 52,650 €, but it is the transaction price that eventually gives rise to the bonus. Translation: a buyer who obtains a discount of € 2,651 would automatically be entitled to the bonus of € 2,000. What motivate negotiators, whether professional or private.

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Toyota Rav4 PHEV © Toyota

WHAT CHANGES

The traction chain of the PHEV version uses the same principle as that of the Rav4 HEV AWD. However, the powers of the elements that constitute it evolve, that of the 2.5-liter 4-cylinder petrol engine with Atkinson cycle goes from 177 to 185 hp, while that of the front electric motor increases even more strongly from 118 to 182 hp, while that rear engine power drops slightly from 57 to 54 hp. The 50 kg Ni-Mh battery of the non-rechargeable model is replaced by a much larger 155 kg Li-ion. To which must be added a 6.6 kW charger to recharge the said battery (in 2 h 40 on the wallbox), a heat pump to ensure, in winter, the heating of the passenger compartment while preserving the electric autonomy, reinforced soundproofing (paradoxically essential to reduce rolling noise made perceptible because of the general silence of the electric propulsion) and significantly more generous equipment. The Rav4 PHEV ultimately accuses 265 kg more than the HEV AWD on the scale, ie a beautiful baby of 1,910 kg.

Read also Toyota Rav4: the hybrid, the lifeline of the SUV

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Toyota Rav4 PHEV © Toyota

LIFE ON BOARD

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Toyota Rav4 PHEV © Toyota

The interior hardly changes compared to the simple hybrid model. Only the button allowing the battery to be recharged via the heat engine in anticipation of an electric drive reveals that this is the rechargeable version. The generous roominess of the original Rav4 is fully preserved. On the other hand, the loading volume is reduced by 60 liters occupied by the charger and its cable placed under the boot floor.

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Toyota Rav4 PHEV © Toyota

THE OPINION OF THE AUTO POINT

More than any other plug-in hybrid model at the moment, the Rav4 PHEV can really be used on a daily basis as an electric car provided of course that it is regularly supplied with electrons, a full recharge requiring a maximum of ten hours on a socket. domestic 8 amps, 5 on a reinforced 16 amp socket, and less than 3 hours on a Wallbox making the most of the onboard 6.6 kW charger.

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Toyota Rav4 PHEV © JONATHAN@JONATHANGODIN.BE / Toyota

Under this condition, the Rav4 behaves like a good electric car with sufficient performance to integrate easily into traffic with a 0 to 100 km / h shot in 10 s, and can even practice the highway with its electric top speed. of 135 km / h. It does wonders in the city, where its range actually approaches 100 km with a light foot, and does quite well on the road where a range of 70 km can easily be reached. Driving even becomes frankly fun when one gets used, in the absence of mode B (for Brake) on the transmission, to maximizing the regeneration of the battery via the paddles on the steering wheel allowing the electric motor brake to be modulated.

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Toyota Rav4 PHEV © JONATHAN@JONATHANGODIN.BE / Toyota

Beyond that, the Rav4 PHEV automatically becomes a powerful hybrid with its 306 hp, and rather pleasant thanks to the vigorous and immediate recovery provided by the electric part of the powertrain. But the whole falls apart a bit when the driving style becomes more dynamic. The virtual transmission ratios determined by the sport mode do not prevent the 4 cylinders from racing and giving voice, while the relaxed damping favorable to suspension comfort fails to stem the movements of a Rav4 PHEV of almost 2 tons on a winding course. The behavior is then clumsy and encourages to adopt a more flowed behavior. Finally, the main reservation concerns the feel of the brake pedal, difficult to adjust because it is unpredictable at the end of deceleration.

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Toyota Rav4 PHEV © JONATHAN@JONATHANGODIN.BE / Toyota

MOST

Record electric autonomy

Generous roominess

Suspension comfort

THE LESSERS

Behavior affected by overweight hybrid system

High price (before negotiation)

Braking difficult to control at low speed

Under the hood of the Toyota Rav4 PHEV AWD

Thermal engine: 4 cyl. online at Atkinson cycle

Displacement: 2,487 cc3

Power: 185 ch

Torque: 227 Nm

Electric motors: permanent magnet synchronous 182 hp at the front, 54 hp at the rear

Battery: 18.1 kWh lithium-ion

Electric range: 75 km on the combined cycle, 98 km on the urban cycle (WLTP)

Cumulative power: 306 hp

Transmission: 4 wheels

Gearbox: continuously variable electric combining generator and epicyclic gear

Dimensions: 4.60 x 1.86 x 1.69 m

Safe: 520 liters

Weight: 1,910 kg

Acceleration from 0 to 100 km / h: 6 s (10 s in electric)

Speed: 180 km / h (135 km / h in electric)

Consumption: 1 l / 100 km

CO2 : 22 g / km: bonus of 2,000 euros if price negotiated under 50,000 €

Price: from 52 650 €

Website: http://www.toyota.fr/

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