If there is a race for autonomy also for plug-in hybrids, it is for the moment the Toyota Rav4 PHEV which leads the dance. Thanks to an 18.1 kWh battery, the Japanese family SUV boasts record range of action: 75 km on the WLTP combined cycle, 98 km on the urban cycle. In addition to this ability to run electric on a daily basis without counting the kilometers, this imposing accumulator also allows a generous cumulative power of 306 hp in hybrid mode, but at the same time generates a somewhat clumsy behavior due to the overweight it causes.
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The Rav4 PHEV is mainly intended for companies, which will be able to benefit from the total exemption from TVS authorized by its CO emission.2 less than 50 g / km. To take advantage of the bonus of 2,000 euros reserved for plug-in hybrid models sold for less than 50,000 euros, it will be necessary to negotiate. Indeed, the first price of the Rav4 PHEV is 52,650 €, but it is the transaction price that eventually gives rise to the bonus. Translation: a buyer who obtains a discount of € 2,651 would automatically be entitled to the bonus of € 2,000. What motivate negotiators, whether professional or private.
The traction chain of the PHEV version uses the same principle as that of the Rav4 HEV AWD. However, the powers of the elements that constitute it evolve, that of the 2.5-liter 4-cylinder petrol engine with Atkinson cycle goes from 177 to 185 hp, while that of the front electric motor increases even more strongly from 118 to 182 hp, while that rear engine power drops slightly from 57 to 54 hp. The 50 kg Ni-Mh battery of the non-rechargeable model is replaced by a much larger 155 kg Li-ion. To which must be added a 6.6 kW charger to recharge the said battery (in 2 h 40 on the wallbox), a heat pump to ensure, in winter, the heating of the passenger compartment while preserving the electric autonomy, reinforced soundproofing (paradoxically essential to reduce rolling noise made perceptible because of the general silence of the electric propulsion) and significantly more generous equipment. The Rav4 PHEV ultimately accuses 265 kg more than the HEV AWD on the scale, ie a beautiful baby of 1,910 kg.
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LIFE ON BOARD
The interior hardly changes compared to the simple hybrid model. Only the button allowing the battery to be recharged via the heat engine in anticipation of an electric drive reveals that this is the rechargeable version. The generous roominess of the original Rav4 is fully preserved. On the other hand, the loading volume is reduced by 60 liters occupied by the charger and its cable placed under the boot floor.
THE OPINION OF THE AUTO POINT
More than any other plug-in hybrid model at the moment, the Rav4 PHEV can really be used on a daily basis as an electric car provided of course that it is regularly supplied with electrons, a full recharge requiring a maximum of ten hours on a socket. domestic 8 amps, 5 on a reinforced 16 amp socket, and less than 3 hours on a Wallbox making the most of the onboard 6.6 kW charger.
Under this condition, the Rav4 behaves like a good electric car with sufficient performance to integrate easily into traffic with a 0 to 100 km / h shot in 10 s, and can even practice the highway with its electric top speed. of 135 km / h. It does wonders in the city, where its range actually approaches 100 km with a light foot, and does quite well on the road where a range of 70 km can easily be reached. Driving even becomes frankly fun when one gets used, in the absence of mode B (for Brake) on the transmission, to maximizing the regeneration of the battery via the paddles on the steering wheel allowing the electric motor brake to be modulated.
Beyond that, the Rav4 PHEV automatically becomes a powerful hybrid with its 306 hp, and rather pleasant thanks to the vigorous and immediate recovery provided by the electric part of the powertrain. But the whole falls apart a bit when the driving style becomes more dynamic. The virtual transmission ratios determined by the sport mode do not prevent the 4 cylinders from racing and giving voice, while the relaxed damping favorable to suspension comfort fails to stem the movements of a Rav4 PHEV of almost 2 tons on a winding course. The behavior is then clumsy and encourages to adopt a more flowed behavior. Finally, the main reservation concerns the feel of the brake pedal, difficult to adjust because it is unpredictable at the end of deceleration.
Record electric autonomy
Behavior affected by overweight hybrid system
High price (before negotiation)
Braking difficult to control at low speed
Under the hood of the Toyota Rav4 PHEV AWD
Thermal engine: 4 cyl. online at Atkinson cycle
Displacement: 2,487 cc3
Power: 185 ch
Torque: 227 Nm
Electric motors: permanent magnet synchronous 182 hp at the front, 54 hp at the rear
Battery: 18.1 kWh lithium-ion
Electric range: 75 km on the combined cycle, 98 km on the urban cycle (WLTP)
Cumulative power: 306 hp
Transmission: 4 wheels
Gearbox: continuously variable electric combining generator and epicyclic gear
Dimensions: 4.60 x 1.86 x 1.69 m
Safe: 520 liters
Weight: 1,910 kg
Acceleration from 0 to 100 km / h: 6 s (10 s in electric)
Speed: 180 km / h (135 km / h in electric)
Consumption: 1 l / 100 km
CO2 : 22 g / km: bonus of 2,000 euros if price negotiated under 50,000 €
Price: from 52 650 €