Finally, our favorite season of the year, summer, has arrived and with it the long-awaited vacation. Although, this time, they will be somewhat atypical. The coronavirus pandemic has forced us to change many plans, and as is logical in these times, we are assailed by doubts about which are the best practices. We know that we have to maintain social distance, wear a mask … But what happens to our pets? As we can to protect to our faithful companion and travel with him safely?
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Very limited risk of contagion
As detailed Vicente Ribes, manager AniCura Marina Alta Veterinary Center ’practice manager and veterinarian, we can enjoy the summer season with complete peace of mind,“ since the risk of contagion what do cats and dogs have It is low" Ensures that there is no special measure to take, other than that of "limit contact of our pet with other animals (especially dogs, which tend to be more sociable) or people and practice a proper hygiene", Which, according to the veterinary Irene Gil it had to be done before the pandemic.
Both affect the importance of clean the paws of our pets when they enter the house or in the space where we are staying. "You have to do it with water and soap, not using alcohol-based disinfectants or hydrogen peroxide, as we do, because it can cause irritation and gastrointestinal problems, "says the veterinarian.
"If you do not want to use the first method, the classic soap and water, you can always do it with one specific for pets, and chlorhexidine can go well in these cases ”, he details.
This does not mean that it is appropriate to bathe him every time he leaves the house, since they have a different pH than ours and we could damage his skin and coat. So it should not be obsessed. Typically, it is done once a month or every three weeks at most.
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Car travel precautions
If you plan to travel in your private car, it is essential to remember that your furry friend cannot go loose in any of the seats of the vehicle. It is very dangerous for their safety and yours. According to RACE data, circulating at 50 kilometers per hour, a dog weighing 20 kilos multiplies its weight by 35. In other words, its weight would be 700 kilos. And, in addition, it could be a distraction (sometimes fatal) for the driver.
There are different types of withholding:
- The harnesses. If you value this option, the best ones are those of double hitch, which would prevent your pet from moving in the event of an accident.
- Carrier. Is he safer method. There are different measures, depending on the size of the pet. If your pet is large and you have enough space in the trunk, it is best to place it there, transversely to the direction of the car, and maintaining contact with the rear seats.
If your animal is small, place it on the ground, behind the passenger or pilot's seat, but never put them in the back seats, tying them with the belt. And is that, if you have an accident or brake suddenly, the carrier may break, and the animal would be thrown forward.
Once you have your carrier or harness, there are a series of recommendations that must be taken into account during the trip:
- Ensure you are hydrated at all times. Dogs and cats, unlike humans, don't sweat. The thermoregulation of his body comes through, above all, the tongue. They can have a worse time with a higher temperature. Therefore, it is vital that they have water available at all times or that the necessary stops are made so that they can rehydrate.
- Stop every two hours. For you and for them. You all need to rest, stretch your legs … and, of course, your legs. A short walk will encourage them to relax, but never leave them alone in the car with the windows closed. They could suffer from heat stroke.
- Take your needs into account. They also have to go to the bathroom like us. Therefore, these breaks will also serve them for this. Do not forget the bags to collect the feces.
- Be careful with the air conditioning. The air conditioning can be turned on to maintain a good temperature inside the vehicle. However, it is necessary to make sure that our pet is not close to the air vents, since it can catch a cold or have muscle aches.
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What if he gets dizzy?
Before starting our journey by car, we have to ask ourselves whether or not the animal is used to this type of travel. "Many times, it is assumed that they will not have these problems, and when we start our journey, the pet she gets nervous, and anxiety that this situation produces can cause vomiting and dizziness ”, details Irene Gil.
The veterinarian assures that the ideal is to do adaptation gradually. I mean, prepare ourselves in the previous weeks: “First you have to let them voluntarily explore the car. We open the door for them and let them sniff, that they enter… but always with the door open and without forcing them ”.
The same with the carrier. It is essential that pets adapt to it so that they travel more comfortably, which is advisable to do at home.
Afterwards, we would go to the driving phase, leaving the door open, again, and waiting for them to decide to mount voluntarily. “Once we have made sure that they are ready, with all the security measures (carrier or harness), we close the door and make a small trip to get used to the sensation of movement. With the passage of time, they will have become accustomed and will not have any type of anxiety ”.
On the other hand, there are various drugs to treat them and natural remedies, but must have the supervision of the veterinarian, who will prescribe them.
Related: What you have to do to prevent your dog from getting dizzy in the car
If you take the plane
Veterinarians recommend go to the consultation between a month and two weeks before so you can make a general assessment of the animal and its physical state, checking if it is appropriate and convenient to expose it to the stress of a trip, as well as update all vaccines and treatments.
If the trip is outside our borders, each destination has its own requirementsYes, so the veterinarian urges the owners "to review it on the page of the government of each country" and to call the embassies so that there is no problem.
Normally to move within the European Union needed:
- Passport associated with that microchip.
- Rabies vaccine. In some countries they also ask that they have deworming for worms, between one day and five days before traveling.
- Carrier. In the same way that countries have their requirements, each company has standards that must be consulted. And it is that some allow small pets to be carried in a carrier, while others indicate that, directly, they must go in the cellar.
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Once the destination has been reached
Both Irene Gil and Vicente Ribes emphasize that it is essential keep your diet. Above all, due to the issue of digestive disorders.
"The trip, being in a new environment … can change it, and if, in addition, we modify the diet, (and, therefore, we change the composition of nutrients of its habitual feed), it can cause vomiting and diarrhea"Explains the vet. "I would recommend that if it is an animal with a sensitive digestive tract, the owner take supplements with probiotics and prebiotics, previously consulting with his veterinarian, and that they can be obtained at the veterinary center itself."
Depending on the animal's character, if he misses his environment a lot, it may help to bring his favorite toys.
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