The foods we eat contain to a greater or lesser extent, proteins, vitamins, fats, minerals and carbohydrates. The carbohydrates that we consume are converted into glucose, or simple sugar, whose main function is to provide energy to the body so that important organs such as the brain or muscles function. For glucose to enter the cells and they use it as a source of energy, the pancreas releases a hormone that facilitates this work, this hormone is insulin. When insulin doesn’t work properly, glucose builds up in the blood and causes hyperglycemia.
Hyperglycemia is often suffered by people with diabetes. Diabetes is a chronic disease caused by high blood glucose levels. This is because the pancreas does not produce enough insulin to carry sugar from the blood to the cells and transform it into energy or the cells do not respond to the insulin that this organ produces. This causes too much glucose to build up in the bloodstream which, over time, can lead to health problems such as cardiovascular disease, vision loss, or kidney problems. People with diabetes will need medical treatment to control blood glucose and, if the specialist deems it necessary, should take insulin.
Have controlled blood glucose or rely on insulin does not have to subtract quality of life for diabetes sufferers, so now it comes vacation time if they plan a trip inside or outside Spain, from the Service of Endocrinology at the Hospital Universitari General de Catalunya, Dr. Matteo Fabbi recommends “planning the trip very well and the control that will be followed of diabetes”.
It is important to bring a medical report
The first thing to do is go to the specialist doctor and tell him the place and time of the trip. Since, depending on the country, if there is hourly variation, you will have to change the schedule and the hours of administering insulin. Likewise, “it is advisable that they make a medical report, if possible in English, that indicates the diagnosis of diabetes and if traveling by plane it is necessary to be able to carry in the cabin all the necessary material for the control of diabetes, needle pens of insulin, glucometer and other material fungible when using insulin pump. insulin risk of freezing in the hold of the aircraft and that could render it unusable, “advises Dr. Puig.
It is also a good idea to bring a suitable bag for storing insulin and a container to dispose of sharps. Do not forget to bring a snack in your backpack or handbag in case the trip is delayed. And in the suitcase carry spare material in case a mishap occurs, such as a lost suitcase or the material is damaged. The most logical thing would be to carry a team in your own luggage and another in that of the companion.
Insulin is a delicate material that should be kept in the refrigerator between 4ºC and 5ºC, never below 2ºC, since, as explained by the endocrine system, when it is frozen it loses its effect. If insulin is administered fresh from the cold, it can be painful, so specialists recommend keeping it at room temperature for a few minutes before injecting it. It should not be exposed to sources of heat or intense light, it should be kept at room temperature not exceeding 30ºC. If during the trip to be made the temperature is between 15ºC and 29ºC, it will not be necessary to keep it in a refrigerator, yes, no more than 30 days.
Travel companions must know how to act in case of need
When a diabetic goes on a trip, it is convenient that his adventure companions know the disease and know how to act in case of severe hypoglycemia. In addition to contracting medical assistance insurance for the trip, it is good to have the health contact numbers of the country to which you are traveling in case of an emergency.
To avoid any problem, the hand luggage should not miss the identity document, the medical report with the diagnosis and treatment, as well as the device to measure glucose with its test strips, the device with the lancets to prick into the finger and check blood glucose and of course, don’t forget something for sugary food or drink. With these tips, the vacation or trip that you are preparing will not have any inconvenience and if many satisfactions.