It's no joke: 4G is coming to the moon. As part of the Artemis program (the NASA space program whose objective is to bring a crew to lunar soil by 2024), the American space agency chose on October 14, 2020 the telecommunications company Nokia , to install a 4G network on the Moon.

She gave him a budget of $ 14.1 million to " deploy the first communication system LTE/ 4G in space ", which would contribute to a human return to the Moon.

According to NASA, 4G would allow " to support lunar communications at greater distances, increased speeds, and provide more reliability than current standards ", she said in a statement.

On Twitter, Bell Labs (acquired in 2016 by Nokia) affirmed that this network was intended to evolve towards 5G.

Seven countries agree with US on future moon exploration

The previous week, Tuesday, October 13, NASA announced that seven countries had signed the " Artemis chords ", a treaty legally framing the future lunar journey. The signatory countries, along with the United States, are Australia, Canada, United Arab Emirates, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg and the United Kingdom. However, neither China nor Russia signed the text.

The agreements list ten principles, such as the transparency of activities, the interoperability of national systems, the obligation to catalog any space object, assistance to an astronaut in danger, the sharing of scientific data and the proper management of space debris. .

The text gives rise to concern since it provides for the possibility of creating " security zones " by countries, to protect their activities – especially resource extraction – on a celestial body. That of water at the South Pole of the Moon, for example.

The 1967 Space Treaty prohibits any " national appropriation by proclamation of sovereignty, neither by use, nor by any other means ". However, NASA is based on another article of the treaty which prohibits any activity which " would cause potentially harmful discomfort " to justify the creation of these safe zones, while reaffirming the primacy of the outer space treaty over the Artemis agreements.

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