Psychoanalysis with children, their practice and theories oriented Freud and Lacan to think about the most acute issues of psychoanalysis. (1) Before seeing Juanito and writing the case of the most famous child in Psychoanalysis, Freud had attended many children. He had studied general childhood diseases and for ten years had worked three and four times a week in a clinic for needy children. Later he wrote in relation to that experience (2) an important monograph, sustained in an extensive bibliography that Freud had read on the subject.
Lacan is keenly interested in the answers of the analysts who work and write about the practice with children, locates, discusses and dialogues with those who approach a clinic that occasionally loses its foundations and it is necessary to find its reasons. Recall in passing that he talks about older people and the era of the generalized child …
Will we extract the consequence of a term like that of the generalized child? Ask your audience in that impromptu speech with which he closes the Conference on Psychosis about the child organized by Maud Mannoni in 1966. (3) Before the flower and cream of psychiatry and European psychoanalysis remember that: The value of psychoanalysis is to operate on the ghost. Call to end those elucubrations on harmony in the maternal habitat. The important thing is not that the transitional object preserves the child's autonomy but that the child serves or not as a transitional object for the mother, concludes Lacan referring to the child's body as a condenser for enjoyment, anticipating your Note on the child.
If all human formation has as its essence and not by accident restrain enjoyment, how are we psychoanalysts going to respond to segregation? All his teaching is crossed by these concerns. And it concludes the analysts, not to forget that Freud returned to enjoyment his central place in the ethics of Psychoanalysis.
For a long time, Lacan also supervised the cases attended by Jenny Aubry, a French psychiatrist and psychoanalyst, who ran an institution that provided care for needy children with somatic symptoms.
One day in October 1969, we can assume that after a check, Lacan makes notes on two pieces of paper and hands them over. In 1983 J. Aubry, in the annex of his book Enfance abandonedné,(4) He publishes them as two small texts. In 1986 they are published in Ornicar? how Two notes about the child and will appear in Other Writings as Note on the child(5) in February of 2001.
This October we celebrate 50 years of that event. The questions that Lacan leaves raised in those years are still valid. His developments open questions about those symptomatic irruptions that impact without mediation taxing the child's body, as well as what the analyst places so that the child can find himself in the realities of his fictions by manufacturing other solutions.
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one Laurent, E, Incidents of psychoanalysis with children in psychoanalysis with Adults en There is an end of analysis for children .p. 186
2 Freud, S, Autobiographical Presentation ", Complete Works, Vol.XX. Amorrortu, 1976. pp. 13-14
3 Lacan, J, Address on the Psychosis of the child, in Other writings, Paidós, pp381 391
4 Aubry, J, Enfance abandonné.La carence de soins maternels, Ed.Quebecor, 1983
5 Lacan, J, Note on the child, in Other writings, Paidós, Buenos Aires, 2012, pp.339-394.